NEWSLETTER :

Recevez chaque semaine le meilleur de zegreenweb !

Stocamine : Une poubelle souterraine dans l’est de la France

Stocamine : Une poubelle souterraine dans l'est de la France
Quarante-quatre mille tonnes de déchets toxiques croupissent toujours dans une mine de potasse à Wittelsheim (Haut-Rhin). Le risque d'une contamination dans les eaux du Rhin, lui, continue d'augmenter...

C’est un scandale environnemental « digne » de l’époque soviétique mais ça se passe maintenant et dans nos frontières. En Alsace, région qui d’une façon générale fait aujourd’hui les yeux doux aux standards du développement durable mais qui a encore de gros progrès à faire pour assainir son sous-sol.

Autant entrer tout de suite dans le vif du sujet : à Wittelsheim (Haut-Rhin), commune de dix mille habitants située dans la banlieue de Mulhouse, quelque quarante-quatre mille tonnes d’amiante, de mercure et de déchets électroniques sont stockés à plus de cinq cents mètres de profondeur dans une mine de potasse.

Interrogé par nos confrères de Terra Eco, Jean, ancien mineur aujourd’hui septuagénaire, se souvient : « on nous a bien dit que c’était des produits toxiques, qu’on allait les enterrer sous nos pieds mais on nous a promis que tout était sécurisé. J’y ai cru ».

Les galeries de l’ancienne mine Joseph-Else devaient servir d’entrepôt aux rebuts ultimes – c’est-à-dire ceux que seule la technologie est à même de traiter – et ledit entrepôt employer deux cents anciennes « gueules noires » promises au chômage. L’idée de départ était donc honorable.

Lancée au début des 90’s, le projet a cependant mis près de dix ans à se concrétiser. Entretemps de nombreuses réunions publiques et d’experts qui n’ont rien vu venir. À moins que, pour des raisons qui leur appartiennent, ils n’aient fermé les yeux… Les habitants et les associations de protection de l’environnement locales avaient quant à eux comme un mauvais pressentiment. Les responsables de Stocamine, l’entreprise chargée de sécuriser le stockage des détritus toxiques, ont alors mis la gomme pour atténuer leurs craintes, expliquant à tous les sceptiques du cru que les déchets pouvaient être remontés à tout moment. Un vilain mensonge qui a encore de terribles conséquences aujourd’hui.

Une catastrophe évitable

Car le 10 septembre 2002, soit trois ans et sept mois après son ouverture, le site « totalement sécurisé » a pris feu.

Le sinistre était pourtant évitable, les chauffeurs routiers chargés de transporter les mélanges toxiques ayant dans les semaines qui l’ont précédé évoqué une « odeur pestinentielle » et un liquide multicolore s’échappant des « big bags », des sachets prétendument hermétiques. Ça sentait le soufre et la température des sacs était de dix degrés plus importante que la température extérieure.

Las ! La direction de Stocamine est restée sourde aux injonctions des syndicats, qui réclamaient des analyses, et s’est littéralement assise sur le principe de précaution, ordonnant le stockage jusqu’à cinq cents mètres de profondeur. Elle aurait voulu se tirer une balle dans le pied qu’elle ne s’y serait pas prise autrement.

Les mineurs sont venus prêter main forte aux pompiers. Il a cependant fallu deux mois et dix jours pour éteindre l’incendie (!), et parce qu’il était sans doute écrit que dans cette sombre affaire la réalité devait dépasser la fiction les « gueules noires » sont allées au casse-pipe « avec de simples blousons ».

« Sans protection. Seuls les pompiers disposaient d’un équipement », narre l’un de leurs avocats. L’affrontement sur le terrain judiciaire était inévitable. Il s’est soldé en appel par des indemnisations pour soixante-quatorze mineurs qui souffrent toujours de démangeaisons et de difficultés respiratoires. L’ancien PDG de Stocamine (qui a officiellement cessé son activité en septembre 2003 mais existe encore en tant que telle) Patrice Dadaux a pour sa part été reconnu coupable d’être passé outre l’arrêté préfectoral régissant le stockage des détritus toxiques et a écopé d’une peine de prison avec sursis. Les détritus toxiques, eux, sont toujours là.

La nappe phréatique menacée

Que fait l’État ? Eh bien l’État commence tout juste à prendre conscience du caractère intenable de la situation mais n’a toujours pas tranché. Pour Jean-Pierre Hecht, représentant du personnel de Stocamine, qui ne compte plus aujourd’hui que vingt-quatre salariés, la frilosité des autorités est dictée par de basses raisons financières et elles espèrent « tout laisser au fond ». « Pour eux, c’est la solution la plus économique. Pour nous, c’est la plus dangereuse », soutient-il.

Le député UMP du Haut-Rhin Michel Sordi a apporté de l’eau à son moulin, lui qui a fait passer en 2004 un amendement à l’Assemblée nationale stipulant qu’« au bout d’un an, les centres de stockage souterrain dangereux deviennent des centres de stockage définitif ». Combien étaient-ils à voter pour cette invraisemblable disposition ? Le statu quo n’a quoi qu’il en soit rien d’illégal. La préfecture, elle, a suggéré de remonter les déchets à la surface ou de fermer la mine, mesures dont il reste à prouver la viabilité – il faut en effet composer avec la topographie capricieuse des lieux – et qui ont été chiffrées à respectivement cent et cinquante millions d’euros. Des coûts a priori rédhibitoires pour les décideurs.

Etienne Chamik, un ancien mineur, affirme que les galeries commencent à s’affaisser. Deux rapports récents ont confirmé ses allégations, en plus d’avoir mis en avant la détérioration et le risque de perforation des fûts contenant les rebuts.

« La flotte coule dans la mine depuis un an. À long terme elle sera noyée », renchérit M. Hecht. Les craintes pour la nappe phréatique du Rhin, qui passe juste au-dessus et rien de moins que la plus importante d’Europe, vont crescendo.

Peu avant de rendre son tablier, Jean-Louis Borloo a tout de même fini par nommer trois experts pour prendre une décision définitive d’ici fin 2011.

L’ancien ministre de l’Écologie, certes très tardivement, a donné l’impulsion. On compte maintenant sur Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet pour reprendre le dossier et faire mieux que son prédécesseur, c’est-à-dire avoir le courage d’agir en mettant la main à la pâte. Pour que ce qui est déjà un désastre et un modèle de gestion irresponsable ne se transforme pas en une gigapollution ignorant les frontières.

Crédits photos : flickr – mjohn2101 / keriluamox / Timm Sues
Suivez toute l'actualité sur ce sujet et sur le développement durable avec le flux RSS

GD Star Rating
loading...

NEWSLETTER :

Recevez chaque semaine le meilleur de zegreenweb !

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yXyFZmjDYBM kensington square

    shoe string budget and want affordable hosting,…

    siteground is the way to go.so which host is better? it all comes down to your budget and support preference.hosting your websitebefore you register your domain and get your website hosted, have some backup url or domain names in case the…

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yXyFZmjDYBM my site Mesa DUI attorneys

    the comments to write new posts for…

    your blog. readers will appreciate the fact that their comments are being considered and are now a part of the blog. this will encourage the readers to visit your blog more often.• the blog contest is a wonderful way to give…

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-ypGoBqbtg0 HTtp://www.youtube.com/watcH?v=-ypGoBqbtg0

    to those websites to enhance your exposure….

    this can also improve your search engine optimization results and enhance the likelihood of you making the first page. the word “blog” is an abbreviated version of “web log”. this is a term which is used to describe web sites maintaining…

  • http://parish-supply.com Janitorial Supplies

    to them. they get free content and…

    you get exposure. it’s win-win and so far every blog owner i’ve contacted has accepted. but you have to give them your best! that’s really important.finding good blogswhat’s the best way to find good blogs for guest posting? of course, the…

  • http://www.superiorautoinstitute.com/paintless_dent_repair_training.html paintless dent removal training

    traffic:post with personalityposts should not be drab…

    and boring. posts must be engaging and something readers want to keep reading and come back for more. make sure to showcase personality even on a topic that doesn’t warrant much.personality should shine through in the titles, introduction, side notes …

  • http://www.iamsport.org/pg/blog/LakevilleCondo/read/24174949/lakeville-condo Condo at Lakeside MRT

    the topics a new twist.your blog posts…

    should interest readers and provoke curiosity.up to date informationthe blogosphere is a fast evolving world and there is no space for stale, outdated content. to make a mark, your blog posts must contain the most updated information in the cyber world…

  • http://www.youtube.com/hotelsetc travel discounts

    produce perfect blog posts that are free…

    from spelling and grammar errors.conversational stylethere are two very important factors to consider when it comes to writing an effective post; they must be informational and they need to be written from a personal standpoint in a conversational styl…

  • http://www.pantipmarket.com/items/14353720 รับปริญญา

    thing about doing business in facebook is…

    that you can already attract instant traffic without doing any search engine optimization.for people who have their own website and do not want to be involved in direct selling, try affiliate marketing as a way to make money online fast. here,…

  • http://www.vaporscigarettes.net/ best electronic cigarette

    blog and found your service helpful has…

    a friend who needs advice who do you think they will refer them to? credibility promotes your blog. research and understand what your blogging about.another way to promote your blog site is by joining other blogs. if you’re reading other blogs…

  • http://newpropertyout.blogspot.com/2014/02/vue-8-residence-new-property-launch.html vue 8 residence

    forums to stay involved.3. other ways to…

    get traffic to your auctions and items for sale include creating an page on ebay and linking to your auctions from other sites. you also could register a domain name dedicated solely to promoting your own auctions.once you find a hot…

  • http://newpropertyout.blogspot.com/2014/03/the-santorini-new-property-launch-at.html www.newpropertyout.blogspot.com

    of managing content and putting it online….

    it is designed for people who haven’t been to university and studied computer programming for four years. the number of widgets now available for easy insertion into a blog number in their thousands. the thing that most new wordpress bloggers next…

  • http://meltyourmansheartreviewsite.blogspot.com check out ok

    than giving or digging into what the…

    world wants in general, this approach separates itself according to age group, gender, geography, and other general factors.niche marketingniche marketing is about finding a smaller segment of a market and creating a product or service on that market. …

  • http://personal-installment-loans-bad-credit.com/personal-installment-loans-bad-credit/introducing-a-better-source-for-merchant-cash-advance-loans-thanks-to-leading-alternative-lender-organization-cas personal loans for bad credit

    the search engine.guest blogging offers a unique…

    way to share content. major search engines such as google love guest posts because they are manually approved by blog owners, add a lot of value to an already rich content resource, and enhance user experience.benefits of manual approvalmajor search en…

  • http://puregarciniacambogialist.com/ pure garcinia cambogia

    plagiarize are cheating themselves of the learning…

    experiences involved in developing and using his or her writing skills-skills that they will need to succeed in whatever occupation they find themselves.teenagers need to understand that good writing skills are essential for good communication skills a…

  • http://politica.noticia.es/story.php?id=3356 Here you will see interesting packaging blu-ray

    create a wordpress blog and it’s one…

    of the most famous blog platforms. here are 7 reasons why it is very important to have a wordpress blog for your business: blogs are easy to setup, cost very little money to maintain, and help build your online presence and…

  • http://electronictopcigarette.com/ electronic cigarette brands

    it should also be supported by the…

    right tactics that would help create the steps towards strategic gains which could be translated into dollars. this means that you should include every tactic that could help in attaining the over-all objective of the plan.it is, however, people who ar…

  • http://garcinia-cambogiagnc.org garcinia gnc

    on an hourly basis. you can always…

    find something happening in your niche and give it a popularity boost by writing about a hot trend. google trends are a great tool to use for this method, as well as reading the newspaper or watching the news.get on your…

  • http://www.garcinia-cambogiagnc.com garcinia cambogia extract gnc

    provide valuable content that is worth sharing.first…

    of all, you need to build an audience and start making friends. use industry demographic data from authoritative sources such as quantcast and comscore. write good blog posts and promote them. mix in a few personal related posts now and then….

  • http://strategiccampaignsinckc.blogspot.com/ click here

    days for whatever enterprise you engage in….

    to connect with a wide variety of people there is no bigger forum than the internet. if you are looking for a way to show off your expertise and also make a little money while doing it, consider starting a blog.what…

  • http://masfacil.bligoo.com/completamente-listo noticias

    requirements as well as standards of the…

    requisitioning enterprise; • a service provider should be accommodative to demands and responsive to the queries; • for checking the style of writing of articles, sample testing would be very effective; • services offering complimentary …

  • http://www.discountedjapanairlines.com/domestic-flights-japan/ luxury hotel tokyo

    of using social media for network marketing…

    in generating leads and creating sales. there are many people around the world who have already understood the importance of promoting their personal brand, from politicians to musicians and hollywood stars, and now companies have got into the act by m…

  • http://garciniacambogia-beforeandafter.com/ garcinia cambogia benefits

    like to publish on any blog should…

    be copyrighted. it will protect your writing from being stolen. it’s always important to protect your work)tagging is also an important feature to utilize when creating exposure for your blog. tagging allows you to associate keywords and/or terms with…

  • http://webdeal.biz/pozycjonowanie-zapewni-sukces-twojej-firmie pozycjonowanie stron

    in contact these days is not hard…

    to do so do not use the excuse ‘i am too busy’ or even ‘it’s not worth it’ believe me, it is worth it. most bloggers these days use social media to increase traffic and build relationships with their readers and…

  • http://ecigsclub.com/ free e cigs trial

    plugins in a certain way, i already…

    have the sidebar in a way that make sense to me, and even if i’m setting up a brand new membership site in a totally new niche with completely different content, i can start with something’s that’s familiar. i can start…

  • http://webdeal.biz/bron-bez-zezwolenia/ bron bez zezwolenia

    are a good starter for the inevitable…

    writers’ block that always finds a way to show itself once in a while. writing with variety, flair and innovation will always set you ahead of the pack and put you well on your way to catapulting your blog post writing…

  • http://best-weightloss-supplements.com/ diet pills that are safe

    readers come back and read more of…

    their content.it is not easy to be a good bloggerunfortunately, or fortunately, not everyone is good at writing blog articles. we all different and some people hate writing. still they have an e-commerce website or blog and are forced to write…

  • http://www.articlesempire.com/71433/cctv-london/ home security systems

    that require an expert’s insight of a…

    person in charge of certain performances. a marketing manager for example has to lead his team to execute a strategic marketing plan to effectively promote products and services of their firm. they also need to perform soft skill function to get…

  • http://bestseoconsultant2014.bravesites.com/ Minneapolis SEO Consultant

    you are done. [essential]3. ezinearticles – this…

    is a cool plugin, when you write a blog post, before you put links or pictures into it you can hit a couple of buttons and send your fresh article straight to ezinearticles for distribution. now article marketing used to be…

  • http://milsonrisas.devhub.com/blog/2649025-igualmente-fisiolgico/ mejores articulos

    feeds. together we will turn the tide…

    on the niche marketer and get our readers back! really great blogs have the best articles, the best content, the best answers to the questions that we’re all looking for, so what’s missing from your blog’s life? we, the readers! instead…

  • http://www.krumscheid.net/cgi/index.php?a=stats&u=njxjaunita entry systems installation in london

    writer will be able to satisfy the…

    reader by the end of the article, yet leave them wanting more. after much practice, you should be able to perfect this art and have them hanging on every word!don’t worry. the talent for writing a great blog can be learned….

  • http://top.oze.at/index.php?a=stats&u=princesspellman burglar alarms

    sales pitch. write something that catches the…

    reader’s eye and then conclude it with a sales pitch that entices the reader to click on the link.use these above steps to get yourself on your way to making money with blogger and affiliate marketing. success online requires patience, persistence…

  • http://tiny.cc/plombier-vincent plombier paris

    blog in the beginning, the company can…

    help its bloggers to fix timings for the release of the posts in chronological order. the blog topics become clear as the blog progresses. the editorial process involves reviewing of the blogs prior to allowing them to get published.ii) blog needs…

  • http://www.seo-superior.com seo-superior.com

    perfect. the process of becoming a good…

    writer is exactly that, a lengthy process. people cannot become good writers overnight even if they have mastered the mechanics of how to be a good writer. this is mainly because good writing comes from experience. experiences fuel the creative thought…

  • http://deer-antlerspray.net/ deer antler spray gnc

    the argument can have as many sub-points…

    as necessary to thoroughly cover the subject. the word “argument” as used here does not mean hostile confrontation; rather, it is simply the outline of the writer’s point of view. the argument section explains the writer’s view, and may or may…

  • http://www.pixelitas.com/ pixelitas.com

    project you are hiring for be honest…

    with yourself about the project you are hiring for. do you need a formal, well trained writer (who would have finished the previous sentence with “for which you are hiring”), or someone more colloquial in tone? does it really matter if…

  • http://aptitudincluida.wordpress.com/2014/05/25/conocimiento-elegante/ texto interesante

    your thoughts and feelings to practically the…

    whole world. it can be one of the ways to make money fast. develop your blog into something worthwhile which will be a popular resource for specific groups of people. before you know it, companies will be begging you to provide…

  • http://webdeal.biz/najlepsze-najskuteczniejsze-i-najtansze-tabletki-na-potencje potencja opinie

    material, much less assign a documented research…

    paper. it takes a long time to grade 80 to 130 multiple-page essays and give adequate feedback for the student. sometimes teachers have to choose between assigning a paper and covering all the required material for a unit.when middle or high…

  • http://futility.me/fertility-and-potency-pills/ potency

    share to their potential clients. this will…

    not only allow you to attract more attention but will also help you quickly grab that “expert position” in your chosen niche. an article only serves its purpose when it appeals the user to click on the link during search and…

  • http://frailneophyte9793.page.tl much more here

    able to afford the most expensive components…

    and being able to change a plug are unfortunately not the only prerequisites. in order to set up a fully functional system that performs to its capacity, it pas dividends to consult with a home cinema specialist.if you speak to the…

  • http://www.alkalinewaterplus.com/ water ionizer

    very much popular these days. people adore…

    writing about everything they face every day and share their experience with other bloggers and internet surfers. there are hundreds of thousands blogs all over the web or, maybe, even more. some of them are focused on particular topic others are…

  • http://comicbookzone.com comic book zone

    you own blog will give you so…

    much more scope and business security.so these are my three reasons to own your own blog on the best blogging platform, wordpress.orgyou own it – that’s right the blog is yours, you pay a hosting company to host it on their…

  • http://shop.revlisimo.org/how-a-automotive-accident-lawyer-can-assist-you-with-an-harm-claim/ find out here now

    convert targeted customers; blog marketing focuses on…

    sharing fresh, relevant and interesting content for the purpose of engaging and interacting with its target audience. blogging also opens up an entirely new spectrum of opportunities to market your business online which is simply not possible with just…

  • http://www.amazon.com/shops/AYG2PTRHXHGPF water ionizers

    readers’ attention and pique their interest in…

    the topic. it draws readers in and makes them want to read what follows.the argument section includes factual material but goes beyond the facts to analyze relationships, relative importance, causes and effects, or the impact of events on the people in…

  • http://linkflat.com/benutzer-15615.html book of ra online echtgeld

    Official Regenerative Institute Vimeo Channel….

    The Regenerative Leadership Institute is the nation’s sustainable living, leadership and permaculture design school. We reconnect people with nature, remembering our collective heritage and creating a beautiful, thriving future. Join us and let’s cha…

  • http://bestjob2013.pl/czy-okna-aluminiowe-sa-lepsze/ aluminiowe ramy okienne

    take too long to complete projects.for a…

    writer, it’s imperative to have that 2-hour block every day to write uninterrupted, with no checking emails or facebook!you also need to write in a very clean environment. your office should be an oasis of peace with no papers lying around…

  • http://les-sapeurs-plombiers-de-paris.fr plombier paris 6

    about. researching and writing on different topics…

    will always engage your readership as well as improving your own personal knowledge base only making you a better writer.make a predictionyou can use this technique to discuss and profile a particular product. you can write about the pros and cons…

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_ionizer ionized water

    or structure problems because you have had…

    your head in it for hours, so ask a few people just to read through the content and suggest any alterations.check when live – even though you have checked your content before you have published it on your website, it is…

  • http://flash-onlinegames.net/profile/shu76 builders leeds

    a better idea for building my brand,…

    and my business?in this article we are going to take a quick look at what i believe is the very best blog marketing strategy for newbies and work at home entrepreneurs, and i’m also going to share with you what i…

  • http://salsason.tumblr.com/ best seo singapore

    do, you probably have adequate knowledge to…

    create an article which makes sense, which has unique content, and has your individual touch.most people have come across situations through operating their own businesses. these kind of small yet important events is what provides us confidence with wh…

  • http://technikon.biz/ technikon.biz

    reach out to millions of consumers worldwide.businesses…

    are creating websites with blogs as a place to talk about their products and services. as a marketing strategy, they expose brands on social media sites to get connected with customers and get feedback from them. with a well planned blog,…

  • http://www.cambogia-garcinia.com/ http://www.cambogia-garcinia.com/

    the most exposure and the most traffic…

    is to publish what you have to say on someone else’s high traffic website, and it’s easy to write an article.if you think of your writing as an article, but then published it as a blog post, it’s easier to write…

  • http://drozgreencoffeebeanextract.net dr oz green coffee bean extract where to buy

    will grab eyeballs immediately because of its…

    novel content.the innovative information must also be packaged with a glossy cover such as efficient seo, an eye pleasing blog design and pleasant language.relevance and purpose of contentyou have created a blog with a purpose and your readers also bro…

  • http://skintag-removal.net/ http://skintag-removal.net/

    of the blog ideas – write about…

    your daily happenings.when you are going through your regular day, just make a mental note of the things that happen and relay those things in a story form to your blog readers. i use this all the time when i am…

  • http://goo.gl/jieLyv FREE WEBSITE BUILDER with 10,000 TEMPLATES

    your blog, but can give good quality…

    content, then don’t compromise on it. read your blog content again after writing before you publish it. give special emphasis on the header and footer, that is the beginning and the end. a blog writer should never copy. a blog is…

  • http://www.edchron.com homework

    wanted to write. instead of just sitting…

    down at the computer as i had always done, i went and bought “the chicago manual of style”. for those that don’t know, this book lays out the general rules and requirements that people expect to see from your work in…

  • http://hcg-drops.org what is hcg diet

    ought to pass around business tones.iii) avoid…

    infusing personal information into the blog body.iv) make sure that volumes of writings by other bloggers and writers are read thoroughly to accustom one with popular writing styles and to develop presentation skills. inculcate information that is rele…